United States – Refunding of 2018 Underpayment Penalties by IRS
United States – Refunding of 2018 Underpayment Penaltie
The U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced in IR-2019-144 that it is automatically waiving the estimated tax penalty for eligible individual taxpayers who fell short of their total 2018 tax liability. The IRS will mail copies of notices granting relief to affected taxpayers. If a taxpayer has already paid the penalty, the IRS will be issuing refunds of the penalty amount approximately three weeks after the notice. Taxpayers who have not yet filed their 2018 federal tax returns are encouraged to claim the penalty waiver on their returns.
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The U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced in IR-2019-144 that it is automatically waiving the estimated tax penalty for eligible individual taxpayers who fell short of their total 2018 tax liability.1 As reported earlier this year, the IRS initially lowered the usual 90-percent threshold for the penalty to 85 percent2 and further lowered it to the current 80 percent.3 Following the announcement, individuals who have paid at least 80 percent of their total tax liability through their federal income tax withholding or quarterly estimated payment, but failed to claim the special waiver when they filed their 2018 returns, will have their estimated tax penalty waived automatically by the IRS.
WHY THIS MATTERS
The waiver computations were integrated into commercially-available tax software shortly after they were announced, so many assignees are likely unaffected by this automatic waiver. However, companies who fund the cost of penalties and interest for employees on tax-equalized assignments will want to work with their tax service providers to identify employees who may be receiving a refund and determine whether any refund is payable to the company.
Normally, taxpayers must pay federal income taxes as they earn income, through withholding and/or estimated tax payments. Generally, a taxpayer will be subject to a penalty if the taxpayer fails to pay the lesser of the following amounts during the tax year:
- 90 percent of the tax shown on the taxpayer’s return for the tax year, or
- 100 percent of the tax shown on the taxpayer’s return for the previous tax year (110 percent if the taxpayer’s adjusted gross income on the previous year’s return exceeds $150,000) if the previous tax year was a full 12 months long.
On January 16, 2019, the IRS announced that it would waive the penalty for failure to make estimated income tax payments for the 2018 tax year – otherwise required to be made on or before January 15, 2019 – for any individual whose total withholding and estimated tax payments made on or before January 15, 2019, equaled or exceeded 85 percent of the tax shown on that individual’s return for the 2018 tax year. In order to request the estimated tax penalty waiver, the IRS required eligible individual taxpayers to file Form 2210, Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates, and Trusts, with their 2018 income tax returns.
On March 22, 2019, the IRS expanded the penalty waiver to individuals whose total withholding and estimated tax payments made on or before January 15, 2019 equaled or exceeded 80 percent of the tax shown on the return for the 2018 tax year. Also, the IRS updated the procedures for taxpayers who paid the underpayment penalty but who qualified for relief under the expanded waiver.
On August 14, 2019, the IRS announced that it is automatically applying the waiver to all eligible taxpayers, so taxpayers do not need to take any further action. The IRS will mail copies of notices granting relief to affected taxpayers. If a taxpayer has already paid the penalty, the IRS will be issuing refunds of the penalty amount approximately three weeks after the notice.
However, taxpayers who have not yet filed their 2018 federal tax returns are encouraged to claim the penalty waiver on their returns.
1 See IR-2019-144 (August 14, 2019) on the IRS Web site.
2 See GMS Flash Alert 2019-008 (January 21, 2019) for additional information.
3 See GMS Flash Alert 2019-055 (March 26, 2019) for additional information.
The above information is not intended to be "written advice concerning one or more Federal tax matters" subject to the requirements of section 10.37(a)(2) of Treasury Department Circular 230 as the content of this document is issued for general informational purposes only.
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in the United States.
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