On 1 August 2023, Poland’s Supreme Administrative Court delivered judgment in the case II FSK 270/21 relating to a company posting employees in other European Union (EU) countries under memoranda of understanding (annexes) to employment contracts, which temporarily changed the employees’ place of work.1

Also, in a separate matter, on 31 July 2023, Poland’s president signed the Act of 28 July 2023 on posting drivers in road transport into the law.2  The provisions brought by the Act are in line with Directive (EU) 2020/1057 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 July 2020 laying down specific rules with respect to Directive 96/71/EC and Directive 2014/67/EU for posting drivers in the road transport sector, and amending Directive 2006/22/EC as regards enforcement requirements and Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012.


Employers should have greater clarity about how remuneration – particularly costs of travel and accommodation – of employees being posted for short periods of time in the EU by Polish companies should be treated and aligned with EU directives.

With respect to the new Act, employers that send lorry drivers to work in Poland need to adhere to the documentation requirements so as to be timely and compliant. 

Personal Income Tax (PIT) on Travel and Accommodation Provided to Posted Workers in Light of EU Law

According to the Court, employees subject to short-time posting by the Polish company should be treated, in principle, in line with the provisions of Directive 96/71/EC and Directive 2014/67/EC concerning the method of reimbursements for posted workers.  The aforementioned Directives clearly indicate that the costs of travel and accommodation cannot be treated as constituent parts of the employee's remuneration.  This results from the provisions of existing EU regulations, which in the hierarchy of sources of law take precedence over national provisions.  


Since EU law clearly provides that such costs of travel and accommodation cannot be viewed as components of remuneration, they cannot be charged to the employee and  ̶  indirectly  ̶  to the company as the remitter under the tax law.

Act on Posting of Drivers in Road Transport Signed by President into Law

According to the Act, the key requirement for road transport operators posting drivers to Poland, apart from making sure proper conditions of employment are adhered to, is to submit a posting declaration to the competent authorities at the latest upon the commencement of the posting and to help ensure that the driver has at his or her disposal all the relevant documents in paper or electronic form. 

For prior coverage of EU moves regarding road transport workers, see the following issues of GMS Flash Alert: 2023-053 (10 March 2023) and 2021-076 (8 March 2021).

The essential part of the new provisions is to enter into force 14 days after publication of the act in the Polish Journal of Laws (Dziennik Ustaw).


Drivers working in international road transport are subject to the EU Directive on posting of workers.  This new Polish Act follows on moves in the EU to set and clarify rules concerning lorry drivers in international transport and the concept of posted workers.

Failure to comply with these requirements is a failure to comply with labour law and can lead to sanctions and financial fines.


Naczelny Sąd Administracyjny,  akt: II FSK 270/21, 1 sierpnia 2023.

2  Text of the legislation is available on the website of the Polish Sejm, Ustawa, z dnia 28 lipca 2023 r.o delegowaniu kierowców w transporcie drogowym at: https://orka.sejm.gov.pl/proc9.nsf/ustawy/3320_u.htm .


This article is excerpted, with permission, from "KPMG Weekly Tax Review" (31 JUL - 07 AUG 2023), an online publication of the KPMG International member firm in Poland. 

* Please note the KPMG International member firm in the United States does not provide immigration or labour law services. However, KPMG Law LLP in Canada can assist clients with U.S. immigration matters.


The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in Poland.


Connect with us

Stay up to date with what matters to you

Gain access to personalized content based on your interests by signing up today


GMS Flash Alert is a Global Mobility Services publication of the KPMG LLP Washington National Tax practice. The KPMG name and logo are trademarks used under license by the independent member firms of the KPMG global organization. KPMG International Limited is a private English company limited by guarantee and does not provide services to clients. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.

© 2024 KPMG Tax M Michna Sp.K, a Poland limited company and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”) is a Swiss entity.  Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm.