On 31 May 2023, the U.K.’s first post-Brexit trade deals with Australia and New Zealand came into effect and incorporate changes to the Youth Mobility Scheme (YMS) that will make it easier for both New Zealand and Australian nationals to obtain U.K. immigration permission under this category. 1

In March 2023, the government had announced that the U.K.’s reciprocal, bilateral arrangement with New Zealand would be enhanced from 29 June, with the age range for eligible individuals to be expanded from 18-30 to 18-35, and the length of stay increased from two to three years. 2


The changes will allow U.K. employers to readily access talent from New Zealand and Australia, whilst British nationals can also avail themselves of generous reciprocal arrangements with Australia and New Zealand. Given that the costs of sponsorship can be prohibitive, employers that opt to support and recruit New Zealand and Australian nationals holding YMS visas will have far less cost outlay. 


The YMS is a self-sponsored visa category that provides a cultural exchange program allowing individuals aged 18 through 30 from participating countries and territories to experience life in the U.K. for up to two years. The YMS offers a more flexible and accessible immigration route into the U.K. given that it does not require sponsorship nor the requirement to meet any specific skills or salary thresholds.

Post-Brexit, some countries negotiating trade agreements with the U.K. have included migration as part of negotiation discussions. The import and export of goods and services is equally critical to building relationships as is the ability for people to move across borders with less bureaucracy and convoluted immigration processes. This allows for cultural exchange but also the expansion of soft power that is key to retaining long-term trade agreements. 

Further Details

Notable changes include the following:

  • From 29 June 2023, nationals of New Zealand will be able to take advantage of the increased upper age limit to qualify under the YMS and remain in the U.K. for up to three years as opposed to two years, which was the previous maximum grant of stay under this visa category.
  • From 31 January 2024, Australian nationals will also be able to avail themselves of the increase to the upper age limit to qualify for the YMS (age range being expanded from 18-30 to 18-35) and remain in the U.K. for up to three years as opposed to the current two years for which a YMS visa is currently granted.


Whereas employers in the U.K. will have greater access to talent from Australia and New Zealand given the changes, it should be noted that under current U.K. immigration law, a YMS visa cannot be extended. Therefore, long-term retention of talent may warrant consideration of other U.K. visa categories that will facilitate this. Employers may find that the YMS is an attractive and cost-effective way to plug immediate skills gaps, sustainable recruitment and business continuity may require more strategic and holistic planning.


1  U.K. government press release, “U.K.’s first post-Brexit trade deals to go live at midnight on Wednesday (31 May 2023).

2  See the U.K. government policy paper updated 6 June 2023, “Statement of changes to the immigration rules: HC 1160, 9 March 2023.”

* Please note the KPMG International member firm in the United States does not provide immigration or labour law services. However, KPMG Law LLP in Canada can assist clients with U.S. immigration matters.


The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in the United Kingdom.


Connect with us

Stay up to date with what matters to you

Gain access to personalized content based on your interests by signing up today


GMS Flash Alert is a Global Mobility Services publication of the KPMG LLP Washington National Tax practice. The KPMG name and logo are trademarks used under license by the independent member firms of the KPMG global organization. KPMG International Limited is a private English company limited by guarantee and does not provide services to clients. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.

© 2023 KPMG LLP a UK limited liability partnership and a member firm of the KPMG global organisation of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Limited, a private English company limited by guarantee. All rights reserved.

For more detail about the structure of the KPMG global organisation please visit https://kpmg.com/governance.