Jump to: Reduced Personal Income Tax (PIT) Rate | Changes to Health Insurance Premiums | Elimination of the Middle-Class Relief | Tax Scale for Taxpayers in the Lump-Sum Tax on Recorded Revenue or Flat-Tax Regime in 2022 | Setting the Deadline for All Annual PIT Settlements for 30 April | Preferential Treatment of Families and Children | New Deadlines for Submitting JPK_CIT and JPK_PIT | Tax Abolition Repealed | Next Steps
On 12 May 2022, the lower house of Poland’s parliament (Sejm) passed the “Act Amending the Act on Personal Income Tax and Certain Other Acts,” implementing the so-called “Polish Deal 2.0” programme (hereinafter “the Act”).1
A review of the key amendments can be found in this GMS Flash Alert.
WHY THIS MATTERS
The planned changes in tax rates and other provisions in amendments – part of the Polish Deal – aim to promote the government’s objectives of a broader tax base, greater progressivity, support of families, and reducing the tax burden for those on lower incomes. (For prior coverage, see the following issues of GMS Flash Alert: 2022-081, 12 April 2022; 2021-220, 25 August 2021.)
International assignment cost projections and budgeting for assignments to Poland and for assignees outside Poland still subject to Polish taxation should take into account the planned changes, when enacted. Where called for, employers may need to make payroll adjustments and update hypothetical tax calculations for tax-equalised assignees.
Each individual’s tax status would have to be determined in light of his or her particular situation.
Reduced Personal Income Tax (PIT) Rate
The key change relates to PIT taxpayers settling their taxes under general rules (i.e., disability and old-age pensioners, employees, contractors, and entrepreneurs) and consists in reducing the PIT rate for the first personal income tax bracket from 17 to 12 percent. That rate applies, in general terms, to income from PLN 30,000 to PLN 120,000 (income up to the amount of PLN 30,000 is not taxed).
Changes to Health Insurance Premiums
There will be a possibility for taxpayers to reduce their taxable base by the amount of remitted health insurance contributions (up to a certain limit) for individuals who obtain revenue from business activity subject to the flat tax, fixed-amount tax, or lump-sum tax on recorded revenue. The annual deduction cap for:
- flat-tax taxpayers is set at PLN 8,700;
- lump-sum tax taxpayers is set at 50 percent of the amount of contributions paid; and
- fixed-amount tax taxpayers is set at 19 percent of the premiums remitted (in the form of a tax reduction).
Elimination of the Middle-Class Relief
The amendments bring repeal of the middle-class relief, with a reservation that taxpayers can still settle their taxes for 2022 according to the previously applied rules (i.e., using the middle-class relief), if it proves more favourable for them.
Tax Scale for Taxpayers in the Lump-Sum Tax on Recorded Revenue or Flat-Tax Regime in 2022
Due to reduction of the PIT rate for the first personal income tax bracket from 17 to 12 percent, already applicable to income earned in 2022, the Act allows taxpayers who in 2022 apply the flat tax or lump-sum tax on recorded revenue to switch to taxation according to the tax scale.
Selection thereof will be possible:
- after the end of the tax year 2022 for the entire tax year for entrepreneurs who have opted for flat taxation;
- after the end of the tax year or until 22 August 2022 – for the second half of the year – for taxpayers who have opted for lump-sum taxation.
Setting the Deadline for All Annual PIT Settlements for 30 April
Under the Act, the deadlines for personal income taxpayers have been unified to make PIT-28 and PIT-28S annual returns due by 30 April of the subsequent tax year. The deadline extension is to apply already to PIT-28/PIT-28S annual returns submitted for 2022. Consequently, the deadline for settling lump-sum tax on recorded revenue for December and the last quarter of the tax year has also been extended.
Preferential Treatment of Families and Children
The amendments restored the possibility of filing a joint return by single parents together with their children, meaning that single parents can use the tax-free allowance of PLN 30,000 twice. Joint settlements are to replace the PLN 1,500 relief introduced on 1 January 2022.
Moreover, under the Act, the earnings threshold that a child can achieve without losing tax preferences by the child’s parents was increased from PLN 3,089 to PLN 16,061.28 in 2022 (12 times the social pension).
New Deadlines for Submitting JPK_CIT and JPK_PIT
The Act provides for extension of the deadline for submitting JPK_CIT and JPK_PIT (SAF-T) forms. Additional obligations in this regard will be introduced from:
- 2024, for Corporate Income Tax (CIT) taxpayers with revenue for the previous tax year exceeding EUR 50 million or tax capital group (in accordance with the provisions of Polish law, several companies may form one taxpayer, a tax capital group);
- 2025, for PIT and CIT taxpayers (other than those listed above) required to submit JPK_VAT files;
- 2026, for all the other CIT and PIT taxpayers.
Tax Abolition Repealed
“Tax abolition” provisions, brought into force on 1 January 2022, introduced the possibility of covering income that is subject to income tax in Poland, but has not been disclosed by the taxpayer or by the remitter for taxation in whole or in part, with a transitional lump-sum tax. Under the Polish Deal 2.0, however, tax abolition provisions have been repealed.
The Act is now to be submitted to the Senate. The essential part of the amendments brought by the Act are due to enter into force on 1 July 2022.
1 See (in Polish) on the Sejm website “Rządowy projekt ustawy o zmianie ustawy o podatku dochodowym od osób fizycznych oraz niektórych innych ustaw”: https://sejm.gov.pl/Sejm9.nsf/PrzebiegProc.xsp?nr=2186 .
* * * *
PLN 1 = EUR 0.215
PLN 1 = GBP 0.182
PLN 1 = USD 0.227
PLN 1 = RUB 14.155
This article is excerpted, with permission, from Amendments Passed under Polish Deal 2.0 Passed by the Sejm" in Tax Alert, a publication of the KPMG International member firm in Poland.
The information contained in this newsletter was submitted by the KPMG International member firm in Poland.
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