Czech Republic: Proposed legislation on cross-border conversions, mergers and divisions between EU member states

Proposed legislation regarding cross-border conversions, mergers and divisions between EU member states

Proposed legislation regarding cross-border conversions, mergers and divisions

The government published a first draft of proposed legislation implementing amendments to Directive (EU) 2017/1132 under Directive (EU) 2019/2121 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding cross-border conversions, mergers and divisions, and Directive (EU) 2019/1151 as regards the use of digital tools and procedures in company law.

The main changes include:

  • A new form of demergers (divisions) would be introduced—a demerger by separation into a new or existing subsidiary, or a combination of these. Unlike in demergers by spin-off (partial divisions), the company being demerged becomes the sole shareholder (member) of the newly formed company, or, in a separation with acquisition, acquires a share in an already existing company.
  • Unlike the existing regulation, the bill would explicitly provide for the possibility to relocate the registered office (conversion) to or from a non-EU or non-EEA state.
  • Under the current regulation, the decisive date must not precede the date of filing for the registration in the commercial register by more than 12 months; under the new regulation, the 12 months will be counted from the date of the registration in the commercial register.
  • It is explicitly stated that the decisive date of a merger or demerger (division) cannot be set on a date preceding the date of the formation of a participating company or cooperative. On the other hand, combined transformations in which a company or a cooperative participates in several transformations with the same decisive date would be explicitly allowed.
  • The expert appraiser carrying out the valuation of the assets will no longer need to be appointed by the court but will be selected by the participating company from a list of experts.
  • Together with the draft terms of the transformation, companies will be required to deposit in the collection of deeds a notice informing their creditors, employees, and partners about their rights. These persons’ rights will be extended, allowing them to submit comments on the draft terms of the transformation. The bill also stipulates detailed requirements for the content of the transformation report.
  • Under certain conditions, it would be possible to waive the right to a report on the cross-border transformation, which is not allowed under the current rules. This change will make it possible to significantly reduce legal cost when carrying out cross-border transformations.
  • For cross-border transformations, a notary will be obliged to examine whether the purpose of the cross-border transformation is not abusive or fraudulent, or aimed at the evasion or circumvention of national or EU law or at committing a criminal offence. In serious doubt, they may turn to state administration authorities for cooperation. The notary may refuse to issue a certificate for the cross-border transformation should they detect any of the above illicit purposes of the cross-border transformation.

The bill is still in the early stages of the legislative process. It thus seems unlikely that the transposition will be completed within the deadline of 31 January 2023.

Read an October 2022 report prepared by the KPMG member firm in the Czech Republic


The KPMG name and logo are trademarks used under license by the independent member firms of the KPMG global organization. KPMG International Limited is a private English company limited by guarantee and does not provide services to clients. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation. For more information, contact KPMG's Federal Tax Legislative and Regulatory Services Group at: + 1 202 533 3712, 1801 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006.