KPMG Venture Pulse Q4 2016: No region immune to venture capital market downswing

KPMG Venture Pulse Q4 2016

Alan Barr

Director, Head of Private Enterprise in Africa

KPMG in South Africa

  • Deal activity for 2016 drops almost a quarter compared to 2015 as investor caution skyrockets, but total annual funding remains strong thanks to early year megadeals.
  • VC funding in the United States drops from $79 billion in 2015 to $69 billion in 2016.
  • Total VC funding in China reaches record high $31 billion for the year, despite major slump in Q4, while all other key markets slide.

Following 2015’s peak funding levels, 2016 was a challenging year for venture capital (VC) investment across the globe, with decreases in both the number of deals and the total value of VC investment, according to Venture Pulse Q4 2016, a quarterly report on global VC trends published by KPMG Private Enterprise. Worldwide venture capital activity declined by 24 percent year over year, though total global venture capital investment remained substantial at USD$127.4 billion.*

After a strong start to 2016, investor optimism quickly turned cautious and purse strings tightened over the second half of the year. Market uncertainty was further fueled by geopolitical upheavals, including the UK’s Brexit vote and the US presidential election.

“2016 was a reality check for the VC market,” commented Brian Hughes, National Co-Lead Partner, KPMG Venture Capital Practice, KPMG in the US. “Investors drew back considerably. They paused, re-evaluated and focused on their existing portfolios and gave greater scrutiny to deploying new money to both new and existing investments.”

Though deals activity plummeted in 2016, the total amount of VC fundraising across the globe increased significantly in Asia, Europe and the US. Signs indicate that the downturn may be indicative of industry normalization following a period of overheating, rather than a slump in the industry.

Key 2016 annual highlights

  • Worldwide venture capital activity declined by 24 percent for the year, from 17,992 completed financings in 2015 to 13,665 in 2016.
  • Globally, total deal funding declined from $141 billion (2015) to $127 billion (2016).
  • Deal funding in Asia remained steady year over year at just over $39 billion, despite a significant decrease in megadeals in the last quarter of the year. Overall number of deals in Asia declined by 23.1 percent.
  • Venture-backed exits declined 26 percent year over year, although signs indicate 2017 may see a renewal in the IPO market.
  • Europe experienced a 7 year high in capital raised with $10.5 billion raised over 62 closed funds.
  • US fundraising increased from $35.2 billion in 2015 to $41.6 billion in 2016.
  • Worldwide corporate participation in VC continued to grow, currently sitting at 15 percent of all deals.
  • First-time financings to startups, a sure sign of investor caution, dropped 27.2 percent from a high of $18 billion compared to $13 billion in 2016.
  • China saw a gain in year-over-year funding, reaching a new high of $31 billion despite a very slow second half of the year. However, the total number of deals dropped by 41.5 percent year over year.

Key Q4 2016 highlights

  • Global VC deals activity in Q4 2016 declined 31 percent compared to the same quarter last year, with just 2,809 deals – the lowest deal activity since Q4 2011.
  • VC-backed companies raised just $21.8 billion in Q4, the lowest level of deals funding since Q1 2014.
  • While deal activity was down, median-deal sizes remained high across almost all funding categories worldwide, ranging from a median of $30.0 million for Series D+ to a median of $1.1 million for seed deals, showing that investors were willing to pay for the right opportunities.
  • The number of new unicorns (companies with a $1 billion valuation) minted dropped to just 6 in Q4 2016, the lowest level since the term was coined in 2013.

US leads VC funding for the quarter, yet still shows large decline

The US was again responsible for the largest portion of both VC deal activity and funding, despite the fact that US round counts declined 22.3 percent year over year. Funding levels also dropped 12.8 percent from $79.3 billion to $69.1 billion. The decline in deals activity in the US was also substantial – from 10,468 deals in 2015 to just 8,136 this year – the lowest level since 2012.

In Asia, while the total number of deals dropped dramatically, the total amount of VC invested remained steady year over year at around $39 billion – the only region to do so. However, Q4 ‘16 ended on a low note, with 24.7 percent less investment and 29 percent fewer deals than the same quarter last year.

In Europe, VC investment declined 14.6 percent to $15.7 billion year over year, from 2015’s peak of $18 billion. Despite the decline, the numbers show the region’s second highest deal funding year ever. For Q4 ‘16, while deal value dropped only 13 percent compared to the same quarter last year, the number of deals dropped by 42 percent.

VC investment in China reaches new high

Despite a late year slump, investment in China was up year over year – reaching a record $31 billion invested. This despite the number of deals dropping from 516 to just 300 between 2015 and 2016. India showed an almost opposite trend, with the number of deals remaining relatively high, while total VC invested dropped over 50 percent – from $8.2 billion to $3.3 billion year over year.

First time financings take big hit in the Americas

In the Americas, first time financings to startups took a big hit – a significant sign of investor caution in a year characterized by significant market uncertainty. Funding to first time startups went down from a record high of $9 billion in 2015 to $7.2 billion this year. The number of first time financings dropped to the lowest level in 6 years, with just 2,456 deals.

Growing optimism for a strong 2017

Despite the challenges experienced by the market in 2016, there are signs that the tide is turning, creating a more positive outlook for 2017. In Europe, the successful IPOs of Nordic payments firm Nets A/S, food delivery platform, and online pharmacy Shop Apotheke in Germany bode well for potential exits there, while in the US, Snap – the parent company of Unicorn company Snapchat – has already filed for an early 2017 IPO. If successful, other mature companies that held off during 2016 may likely decide to exit.

*Note: All figures cited are in USD, data for the report provided by Pitchbook.

About Venture Pulse

The Q4 2016 edition of the Venture Pulse report produced by KPMG Private Enterprise’s Global Network for Innovative Startup, analyzes the latest global trends in venture capital investment data and provides insights from both a global and regional perspective. KPMG Private Enterprise has expanded the scope of Venture Pulse; this edition of the quarterly series provides in-depth analysis on the lifecycle of venture capital investments across the Americas, EMA and ASPAC, including a look at investment activity such as valuations, financing, deal sizes, mergers & acquisitions, exits, corporate investment and industry highlights.

For more information, please contact:

Nqubeko Sibiya 

Communications Specialist


About KPMG Private Enterprise

You know KPMG, you might not know KPMG Private Enterprise. KPMG Private Enterprise advisers in member firms around the world are dedicated to working with businesses like yours. Whether you’re an entrepreneur looking to get started, an innovative, fast growing company, or an established company looking to an exit, KPMG Private Enterprise advisers understand what is important to you and can help you navigate your challenges – no matter the size or stage of your business.

The KPMG Private Enterprise global network for Innovative Startups has extensive knowledge and experience working with the start-up ecosystem. From seed to speed, we’re here throughout your journey. You gain access to KPMG’s global resources through a single point of contact – a trusted adviser to your company. It’s a local touch with a global reach.

About KPMG International

KPMG is a global network of professional services firms providing Audit, Tax, and Advisory services. We operate in 152 countries and have 189,000 people working in member firms around the world. The independent member firms of the KPMG network are affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative ("KPMG International"), a Swiss entity. Each KPMG firm is a legally distinct and separate entity and describes itself as such.

© 2023 Copyright owned by one or more of the KPMG International entities. KPMG International entities provide no services to clients. All rights reserved.

KPMG refers to the global organization or to one or more of the member firms of KPMG International Limited (“KPMG International”), each of which is a separate legal entity. KPMG International Limited is a private English company limited by guarantee and does not provide services to clients. For more detail about our structure please visit

Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm.

The views and opinions expressed herein are the personal opinions of the interviewees and authors based on their personal experience working as Auditors in the industry and do not necessarily represent the views or opinions of KPMG International or any KPMG member firm.

Connect with us

Save, Curate and Share

Save what resonates, curate a library of information, and share content with your network of contacts.