United States – Final Rule on Tax Debts and Revocation/Denial of Passports
United States – Final Rule on Tax Debts and Revocation/
On December 9, 2019, the U.S. Department of State issued a final rule concerning the revocation or denial of passports related to individuals with serious tax debts. Pursuant to the final rule, the State Department may exercise discretion to issue passports without geographical limitation, if it determines that either an emergency circumstance or a humanitarian reasons exists.
On December 9, 2019, the U.S. Department of State issued a final rule related to the revocation or denial of passports due to serious tax debts.1 (For prior coverage, see GMS Flash Alert 2019-154, October 8, 2019.) The final rule clarifies the application of 22 United States Code (U.S.C.) § 2714 and Internal Revenue Code (I.R.C.) § 7345, which incorporates statutory denial and revocation requirements for certain individuals with seriously delinquent tax debt or who submit passport applications without correct and valid Social Security numbers.2
WHY THIS MATTERS
Under I.R.C. § 7345, taxpayers certified by the Internal Revenue Service as having seriously delinquent tax debt may not be issued a passport, except a passport for direct return to the United States.3 The final rule by the State Department makes clear that this will generally be the case, except under limited circumstances.4 This could present issues for organizations with employees who are U.S. passport holders and U.S. taxpayers that they are trying to move around the world in the event such employees are found to have seriously delinquent tax debt. Pursuant to the final rule, the State Department may exercise discretion to issue passports without geographical limitation, if it determines that either an emergency circumstance or a humanitarian reasons exists.5
The final rule is to prevent 22 U.S.C. § 2714 from being more narrowly applied than originally intended. Currently, there is no guidance as to what the State Department will consider in its determination of “emergency circumstance” or “humanitarian reason.”
1 See 22 C.F.R. § 51.60(h). For the final rule published on December 9, 2019 in the Federal Register, click here.
2 See 22 U.S.C. §§ 2714, 7345
3 See 22 C.F.R. § 51.60(h).
The above information is not intended to be "written advice concerning one or more Federal tax matters" subject to the requirements of section 10.37(a)(2) of Treasury Department Circular 230 as the content of this document is issued for general informational purposes only.
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