During the “Dare to Shape the Future” initiative, Swiss students worked with the support of KPMG coaches on bold predictions regarding ESG topics (Environmental, Social and Governance) with an outlook on 2043. The following prediction was developed by Sarah Cissé from University Basel and Callia Fordschmid from University Zurich.
By 2043, emerging technologies are expected to significantly enhance global food security by optimizing agricultural practices, diversifying food sources, and predicting potential disruptions. However, the adoption of these technologies might widen disparities between wealthy and food-scarce nations and pose threats to traditional agricultural livelihoods, so it needs to be carefully balanced with socio-cultural considerations.
The UN human rights charter includes the right to food, yet in 2023, climate change, political instability, and population growth have posed direct challenges to global food security. Based on current trends, emerging technologies are expected to positively contribute to food security by 2043.
Advanced Forecasting and Analytics
In 2043, AI models will provide precise yield predictions and extreme weather alerts based on satellite imagery, soil health metrics, and historical yield data. This information will be used to refine irrigation techniques and adapt harvest schedules. AI systems will monitor geopolitical shifts, issuing timely alerts for potential supply chain disruptions. In 2022, researchers had already built models able to provide information to food security efforts, even when primary data is not available, which in turn allows for action to be taken before a potential humanitarian crisis unfolds.
By 2043, farmers will have adopted precision agriculture. Instead of treating fields uniformly, they will be able to focus on individual areas of their fields and specific needs with real-time data. Whether a patch is under-irrigated, a section deprived of vital nutrients, or an area is susceptible to pests, precision agriculture tools will enable farmers to respond locally. This will lead to increased, more reliable yields, while respecting soils and reducing harm to ecosystems. The market for precision agriculture is expected to grow by an estimated 152% from 2023 to 2030, which promises fruitful innovation.